Endoscopy of the lower urinary tract involves the placement of either a small flexible endoscope or a rigid endoscope into either the penis or the vagina of the patient. This allows for visualization of the urethra, vagina, cervix, bladder and ureters of the patient. We can biopsy tissues and remove bladder or urethral stones. Using the diode laser system we can remove or reduce tumors of the urethra or bladder allowing for improved urinary function. Certain congenital birth defects such as ectopic ureters can also be addressed endoscopically with the laser. Common reasons for urinary tract endoscopy include recurrent infection, incontinence, bloody urine, difficulty urinating or infertility.
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